Now showing items 101-120 of 727

    • Carbon isotope discrimination, radial growth, and NDVI share spatiotemporal responses to precipitation in Aleppo pine 

      Del Castillo, Jorge; Voltas Velasco, Jordi; Ferrio Díaz, Juan Pedro (Springer, 2015)
      The aim of this study was to assess the spatiotemporal variability of carbon isotope discrimination (Δ13C) records and its relationship with radial growth (RG) and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data using ...
    • Carbon management in dryland agricultural systems. A review 

      Plaza Bonilla, Daniel; Arrúe, José Luis; Cantero-Martínez, Carlos; Fanlo Domínguez, Rosario; Iglesias, Ana; Álvaro-Fuentes, Jorge (Springer-Verlag, 2015)
      Dryland areas cover about 41 % of the Earth's surface and sustain over 2 billion inhabitants. Soil carbon (C) in dryland areas is of crucial importance to maintain soil quality and productivity and a range of ecosystem ...
    • Carbon uptake and water use in woodlands and forests in southern Australia during an extreme heat wave event in the “Angry Summer” of 2012/2013 

      van Gorsel, Eva; Wolf, Sebastian; James Cleverly, James; Isaac, Peter; Haverd, Vanessa; Ewenz, Cacilia; Arndt, Stefan K.; Beringer, Jason; Resco de Dios, Víctor; Evans, Bradley; Griebel, Anne; Hutley, Lindsay B.; Keenan, Trevor; Kljun, Natascha; Macfarlane, Craig; Meyer, Wayne S.; McHugh, Ian; Pendall, Elise; Prober, Suzanne M.; Silberstein, Richard (Copernicus Publications, 2016)
      As a result of climate change warmer temperatures are projected through the 21st century and are already increasing above modelled predictions. Apart from increases in the mean, warm/hot temperature extremes are expected ...
    • Carotenoid intake and SCD genotype exert complementary effects over fat content and fatty acid composition in Duroc pigs 

      Henriquez Rodriguez, Eliana; Pena i Subirà, Ramona Natacha; Seradj, Ahmad Reza; Fraile Sauce, Lorenzo José; Christou, Paul; Tor i Naudí, Marc; Estany Illa, Joan (American Society of Animal Science, 2017)
      Nutritional and genetic strategies are needed to enhance intramuscular fat (IMF) and MUFA content without altering carcass leanness. Dietary vitamin A restriction has been suggested to specifically promote IMF, whereas ...
    • Carotenoid-enriched transgenic corn delivers bioavailable carotenoids to poultry and protects them against coccidiosis 

      Nogareda, Carmina; Moreno, José A.; Angulo Asensio, Eduardo; Sandmann, Gerhard; Portero Otín, Manuel; Capell Capell, Teresa; Zhu, Changfu; Christou, Paul (John Wiley & SonsWiley-Blackwell, 2015)
      Carotenoids are health-promoting organic molecules that act as antioxidants and essential nutrients. We show that chickens raised on a diet enriched with an engineered corn variety containing very high levels of four key ...
    • Carotenoids moderate the effectiveness of a Bt gene against the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis 

      Zanga, Daniela; Sanahuja Solsona, Georgina; Eizaguirre Altuna, Matilde; Albajes Garcia, Ramon; Christou, Paul; Capell Capell, Teresa; Fraser, Paul (Public Library of Science, 2018)
      We assessed the effectiveness of a biofortified maize line (4BtxHC) which accumulates high levels of antioxidant carotenoids that also expressed the insecticidal Cry1Ac Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) gene against the European ...
    • Cálculo de la resistencia al flujo en cauces de montaña 

      López Alonso, Raúl (Colegio Oficial de Ingenieros Técnicos Forestales, 2002)
      La realización de estudios o proyectos en el ámbito de la hidrología o hidráulica forestal requiere usualmente la determinación del coeficiente de resistencia al flujo en el tramo de cauce analizado. Si se trata de un cauce ...
    • Center-pivot automatization for agrochemical use 

      Palacín Roca, Jordi; Salse, José Antonio; Clua, Xavier; Arnó Satorra, Jaume; Blanco Ortiz, Ricardo; Zanuy, C. (Elsevier, 2005)
      This paper presents an agrochemical application system that could be incorporated into existing irrigating center-pivots. The system consisted of a hydraulic circuit with emitters, where the dose was individually controlled ...
    • Changes in arthropod fauna from weed management practices in genetically modified herbicide-tolerant maize 

      Albajes Garcia, Ramon; Lumbierres i Bardají, Belén; Pons i Domènech, Xavier; Comas i Angelet, Jordi (Canadian Center of Science and Education (CCSE), 2014)
      Genetically modified maize tolerant to broad-spectrum herbicides may greatly alter weed flora composition, abundance and therefore affect organisms of higher trophic levels, including herbivore and detritivore arthropods and ...
    • Changes in bread-making quality attributes of bread wheat varieties cultivated in Spain during the 20th century 

      Sanchez-Garcia, Miguel; Álvaro Sánchez, Fanny; Peremartí, Ariadna; Martín-Sánchez, Juan A.; Royo i Calpe, Conxita (Elsevier, 2015)
      Genetic gains in quality traits were assessed in grain samples from 4 field experiments involving 16 bread wheat varieties representative of those most widely cultivated in Spain during the 20th century. The allelic ...
    • Changes in global terrestrial live biomass over the 21st century 

      Xu, Liang; Saatchi, Sassan S.; Yang, Yan; Yifan, Yu; Pongratz, Julia; Bloom, A. Anthony; Bowman, Kevin; Worden, John; Liu, Junjie; Yin, Yi; Domke, Grant; McRoberts, Ronald E.; Woodall, Christopher; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; Miguel Magaña, Sergio de; Keller, Michael; Harris, Nancy; Maxwell, Sean; Schimel, David (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2021-07)
      Live woody vegetation is the largest reservoir of biomass carbon, with its restoration considered one of the most effective natural climate solutions. However, terrestrial carbon fluxes remain the largest uncertainty in ...
    • Changing weather extremes call for early warnint of potential for catastrophic fire 

      Boer, Matthias M.; Nolan, Rachael H.; Resco de Dios, Víctor; Clarke, Hamish; Price, Owen F.; Bradstock, Ross A. (Wiley Open AccessAmerican Geophysical Union (AGU), 2017)
      Changing frequencies of extreme weather events and shifting fire seasons call for enhanced capability to forecast where and when forested landscapes switch from a nonflammable (i.e., wet fuel) state to the highly flammable ...
    • Characteristics of genome editing mutations in cereal crops 

      Zhu, Changfu; Bortesi, Luisa; Baysal, Can; Twyman, Richard M.; Fischer, Rainer; Capell Capell, Teresa; Schillberg, Stefan; Christou, Paul (Elsevier, 2017)
      Designer nucleases allow the creation of new plant genotypes by introducing precisely-targeted double-strand breaks that are resolved by endogenous repair pathways. The major nuclease technologies are meganucleases, ...
    • Characterization of a newly established aggregation of the invasive ladybeetle Harmonia axyridis and current status of the invader in Spain 

      Pons i Domènech, Xavier; Roca, Meritxell; Lumbierres i Bardají, Belén; Lucas, Éric (Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, 2015)
      The multicoloured Asian ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), an invasive biocontrol agent introduced in North and South America, as well as in Europe for aphid control, drastically affected assemblages of native ...
    • Circadian regulation and diurnal variation in gas exchange 

      Resco de Dios, Víctor (American Society of Plant Biologists, 2017)
    • Circadian Regulation Does Not Optimize Stomatal Behaviour 

      Resco de Dios, Víctor; Anderegg, William R. L.; Li, Ximeng; Tissue, David T.; Bahn, Michael; Landais, Damien; Milcu, Alexandru; Yao, Yinan; Nolan, Rachael H.; Roy, Jacques; Gessler, Arthur (MDPI, 2020-08-25)
      The circadian clock is a molecular timer of metabolism that affects the diurnal pattern of stomatal conductance (gs), amongst other processes, in a broad array of plant species. The function of circadian gs regulation ...
    • Circadian regulation of photosynthesis and transpiration from genes to ecosystems 

      Resco de Dios, Víctor; Gessler, Arthur (Elsevier, 2018)
      Circadian regulation is an endogenous self-sustaining mechanism that drives temporal gene expression and, amongst others, affects the diurnal patterns of photosynthesis (A) and stomatal conductance (gs). Here we review ...
    • Circadian rhythms have significant effects on leaf-to-canopy scale gas exchange under field conditions 

      Resco de Dios, Víctor; Gessler, Arthur; Ferrio Díaz, Juan Pedro; Alday, Josu G.; Bahn, Michael; Castillo Díaz, Jorge del; Devidal, Sébastien; García Muñoz, Sonia; Kayler, Zachary; Landais, Damien; Martín Gómez, Paula; Milcu, Alexandru; Piel, Clément; Pirhofer Walzl, Karin; Ravel, Olivier; Salekin, Serajis; Tissue, David T.; Tjoelker, Mark G.; Voltas Velasco, Jordi; Roy, Jacques (BioMed Central, 2016)
      Molecular clocks drive oscillations in leaf photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, and other cell and leaf-level processes over ~24 h under controlled laboratory conditions. The influence of such circadian regulation over ...
    • Circadian rhythms regulate the environmental responses of net CO2 exchange in bean and cotton canopies 

      Resco de Dios, Víctor; Gessler, Arthur; Ferrio Díaz, Juan Pedro; Alday, Josu G.; Bahn, Michael; Del Castillo, Jorge; Devidal, Sébastien; García-Muñoz, Sonia; Kayler, Zachary; Landais, Damien; Martín Gómez, Paula; Milcu, Alexandru; Piel, Clément; Pirhofer Walzl, Karin; Ravel, Olivier; Salekin, Serajis; Tissue, David T.; Tjoelker, Mark G.; Voltas Velasco, Jordi; Roy, Jacques (Elsevier, 2017)
      Studies on the dependence of the rates of ecosystem gas exchange on environmental parameters often rely on the up-scaling of leaf-level response curves ('bottom-up' approach), and/or the down-scaling of ecosystem fluxes ...
    • Climate at the onset of western Mediterranean agriculture expansion: Evidence from stable isotopes of sub-fossil oak tree rings in Spain 

      Aguilera, Mònica; Ferrio Díaz, Juan Pedro; Araus Ortega, José Luis; Tarrús, J.; Voltas Velasco, Jordi (Elsevier, 2011)
      Climate conditions during the early Holocene may have contributed to the spread of Old World agriculture from its area of birth, in the Fertile Crescent (Near East), west through the Mediterranean Basin. Reconstructing the ...