Now showing items 60-79 of 674

    • Bacillus thuringiensis: a century of research, development and commercial applications 

      Sanahuja Solsona, Georgina; Banakar, Raviraj; Twyman, Richard M.; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul (Wiley, 2011)
      Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a soil bacterium that forms spores during the stationary phase of its growth cycle. The spores contain crystals, predominantly comprising one or more Cry and/or Cyt proteins (also known as ...
    • Background, current status and future prospects of transgenic crop plant development 

      Capell Capell, Teresa; Zhu, Changfu; Bassie Rene, Ludovic; Peremartí, Ariadna; Naqvi, Shaista; Ramessar, Koreen; Gómez Galera, Sonia; Christou, Paul (Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Secció de Ciències i Tecnologia, 2007)
      Les plantes transgèniques són una part integral de l’agricultura contemporània. Durant l’any 2006 més de noranta milions d’hectàrees de plantes transgèniques van ser cultivades en vint-i-un països. Des de la comercialització ...
    • Barley development as affected by rate of change of photoperiod 

      Kernich, G. C.; Slafer, Gustavo A.; Halloran, G. M. (Cambridge University Press, 1995)
      The rate of leaf appearance of barley varies substantially with time of sowing. This variation has been related to both the length and the rate of change of photoperiod at the time of plant emergence. An outdoor pot ...
    • Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus (BYDV) y los áfidos en los arrozales levantinos: una prospección 

      Medina Piles, Vicente; Garrido Vivas, A.; Jordá Gutiérrez, Concha (Espanya. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino, 1986)
      Se ha llevado a cabo una prospección de las poblaciones emigrantes de áfidos alados en el área de La Albufera de Valencia, zona donde se da el «enrojat» del arroz, enfermedad causada por una raza del Barley Yellow Dwarf ...
    • Benchmarking nitrogen utilisation efficiency in wheat for Mediterranean and non-Mediterranean European regions 

      Savin, Roxana; Sadras, Víctor O.; Slafer, Gustavo A. (Elsevier B.V., 2019-07-22)
      Water and temperature stress during critical periods of grain yield formation are distinctive of wheat crops in Mediterranean environments. However, nitrogen (N) availability may also constrain grain yields in these ...
    • Best management practices of tillage and nitrogen fertilization in Mediterranean rainfed conditions: Combining field and modelling approaches 

      Cantero-Martínez, Carlos; Plaza Bonilla, Daniel; Angás Pueyo, Pedro; Álvaro-Fuentes, Jorge (Elsevier, 2016)
      In this work, appropriate management practices for crop production under the variable climate conditions of the Mediterranean region, in particular rainfall, were tested with the use of a modelling system applied to long-term ...
    • Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity in Pearling Fractions of Hulled, Partially Hull-Less and Hull-Less Food Barley Genotypes 

      Martínez-Subirà, Mariona; Romero Fabregat, Mª Paz; Macià i Puig, Ma Alba; Puig, Eva; Romagosa Clariana, Ignacio; Moralejo Vidal, Mª Angeles (MDPI, 2021-03-09)
      Three food barley genotypes differing in the presence or absence of husks were sequentially pearled and their fractions analyzed for ash, proteins, bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacity in order to identify potential ...
    • Bioactividad de extractos de Melia azedarach L. sobre el taladro del maíz Sesamia nonagrioides Lef. 

      Riba i Viladot, Magí; Torra, E.; Martí Martí, Joan (Espanya. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino, 1996)
      A partir de un extracto metanólico de semillas de Melia azedarach se han aislado los compuestos responsables de su actividad biológica como agentes inhibidores de la alimentación y reguladores del desarrollo sobre Sesamia ...
    • Biofortification of crops with nutrients: factors affecting utilization and storage 

      Díaz Gómez, Joana; Twyman, Richard M.; Zhu, Changfu; Farré Martinez, Gemma; Serrano Casasola, José Carlos Enrique; Portero Otín, Manuel; Muñoz Odina, Mª Pilar; Sandmann, Gerhard; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul (Elsevier, 2017-01-06)
      Biofortification is an effective and economical method to improve the micronutrient content of crops, particularly staples that sustain human populations in developing countries. Whereas conventional fortification requires ...
    • Biofortification of plants with altered antioxidant content and composition: genetic engineering strategies 

      Changfu, Zhu; Sanahuja Solsona, Georgina; Yuan, Dawei; Farré Martinez, Gemma; Arjó Pont, Gemma; Berman Quintana, Judit; Zorrilla López, Uxue; Banakar, Raviraj; Bai, Chao; Pérez Massot, Eduard; Bassie Rene, Ludovic; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul (Wiley Open Access, 2013)
      Antioxidants are protective molecules that neutralize reactive oxygen species and prevent oxidative damage to cellular components such as membranes, proteins and nucleic acids, therefore reducing the rate of cell death ...
    • Biología y control de carpocapsa mediante el uso de estrategias combinadas 

      Bosch Serra, Dolors; Rodríguez García, Marcela; Avilla Hernández, Jesús (Eumedia, 2008)
      La biología de la carpocapsa (Cydia pomonella) en la zona frutícola de Lleida durante 2008 ha estado muy condicionada por el largo período de lluvias durante el mes de mayo, que provocó un primer vuelo y una primera ...
    • Black truffle winter production depends on Mediterranean summer precipitation 

      Büntgen, Ulf; Oliach, Daniel; Martínez Peña, Fernando; Latorre, Joaquin; Egli, Simon; Krusic, Paul J. (IOP Publishing, 2019-07-01)
      The unprecedented price inflation of Black truffles, recently exceeding 5000 Euro kg−1 (in Zurich), is a combined result of increasing global demands and decreasing Mediterranean harvests. Since the effects of long-term ...
    • Bottlenecks in carotenoid biosynthesis and accumulation in rice endosperm are influenced by the precursor–product balance 

      Bai, Chao; Capell Capell, Teresa; Berman Quintana, Judit; Medina Piles, Vicente; Sandmann, Gerhard; Christou, Paul; Zhu, Changfu (Wiley, 2016)
      The profile of secondary metabolites in plants reflects the balance of biosynthesis, degradation and storage, including the availability of precursors and products that affect the metabolic equilibrium. We investigated the ...
    • Bridging the genotype-phenotype gap for a Mediterranean pine by semi‐automatic crown identification and multispectral imagery 

      Santini, Filippo; Kefauver, Shawn C.; Araus Ortega, José Luis; Resco de Dios, Víctor; Martín García, Saray; Grivet, Delphine; Voltas Velasco, Jordi (WileyNew Phytologist Trust, 2020-08-09)
      Summary: Progress in high‐throughput phenotyping and genomics provides the potential to understand the genetic basis of plant functional differentiation. We developed a semi‐automatic methodology based on unmanned aerial ...
    • Building bridges: an integrated strategy for sustainable food production throughout the value chain 

      Albajes Garcia, Ramon; Cantero-Martínez, Carlos; Capell Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul; Farré Martinez, Alba; Galceran i Nogués, Josep; López Gatius, Fernando; Marín Sillué, Sònia; Martín Belloso, Olga; Motilva Casado, Mª José; Nogareda, Carmina; Pemán García, Jesús; Puy Llorens, Jaume; Recasens i Guinjuan, Jordi; Romagosa Clariana, Ignacio; Romero Fabregat, Mª Paz; Sanchís Almenar, Vicente; Savin, Roxana; Slafer, Gustavo A.; Soliva-Fortuny, Robert; Viñas Almenar, Inmaculada; Voltas Velasco, Jordi (Springer, 2013)
      The food production and processing value chain is under pressure from all sides-increasing demand driven by a growing and more affluent population; dwindling resources caused by urbanization, land erosion, pollution and ...
    • La calidad de la alfalfa. Posibles clasificaciones 

      Lloveras Vilamanyà, Jaume; Melines, Mª Angels (Mapama, 2015)
      En los últimos años el sector de la alfalfa en España ha aumentado la exportación de alfalfa deshidratada hacia países del Golfo Pérsico y en el último año a China. Estas exportaciones se han hecho básicamente con forraje ...
    • La calidad de las repoblaciones forestales: una aproximación desde la selvicultura y la ecofisiología 

      Serrada Hierro, Rafael; Navarro Cerrillo, Rafael Mª; Pemán García, Jesús (Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (Espanya), 2005)
      El proceso de repoblación forestal es bastante complejo, ya que implica numerosos factores, cada uno de los cuales debe ser comprendido de forma individual, y conocidas sus relaciones con otros factores con los cuales ...
    • Calidad del trigo duro en España 

      Zarco Hernández, Jorge A.; Michelena Bárcena, Antonio; Royo i Calpe, Conxita (Eumedia, 1999)
      España es, tras Italia y junto con Grecia, el segundo país en producción de trigo duro en Europa. Además, nuestro país, por sus condiciones climáticas tiene potencial para producir un grano de alta calidad. El principal ...
    • Calling the tunes on transgenic crops: the case for regulatory harmony 

      Ramessar, Koreen; Capell Capell, Teresa; Twyman, Richard M.; Quemada, Hector; Christou, Paul (Springer Verlag, 2009)
      Genetically modified (GM) crops are now grown commercially in 23 countries, with another 29 granting approval for import and release into the environment. Despite the socio-economic and environmental benefits of the ...
    • Can N management affect the magnitude of yield loss due to heat waves in wheat and maize? 

      Slafer, Gustavo A.; Savin, Roxana (Elsevier, 2018)
      Deleterious effects of heat on crop yields are well documented and the occurrence of heat stresses will likely be a major constraint to achieving increased yields of major crops. Thus, agronomic and genetic strategies for ...