Now showing items 217-236 of 469

    • Gadolinium-enhanced brain lesions in multiple sclerosis relapse 

      Martín Aguilar, Lorena; Presas Rodríguez, Silvia; Rovira, Àlex; Capellades, Jaume; Massuet Vilamajó, Anna; Ramió Torrentà, Lluís; Tintoré, Mar; Brieva Ruiz, Luis; Moral, Ester; Cano Orgaz, Antonio; Blanco, Yolanda; Batlle Nadal, Jordi; Carmona, Olga; Gea Sánchez, Montserrat; Hervás, J.V.; Ramo Tello, Cristina (Elsevier; Sociedad Española de Neurología (SEN), 2021)
      Objective: To study the clinico-radiological paradox in multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse by analyzing the number and location of gadolinium-enhanced (Gd+) lesions on brain MRI before methylprednisolone (MP) treatment. Methods: ...
    • Ganancia de peso durante el confinamiento por la COVID-19; encuesta de la Sociedad Española de Obesidad 

      López de la Torre, Martín; Bellido, Diego; Monereo, Susana; Lecube Torelló, Albert; Sánchez Peña, Enric; Tinahones, Francisco José (Sociedad Española de Cirugía de Obesidad y Metabólica y Sociedad Española para el Estudio de la Obesidad, 2020-11-01)
      La obesidad, después de la edad, es el principal factor de mal pronóstico durante la infección por la COVID-19. El confinamiento al que la población española ha sido expuesta durante varias semanas puede ser una causa de ...
    • Genetic Testing to Predict Weight Loss and Diabetes Remission and Long-Term Sustainability after Bariatric Surgery: A Pilot Study 

      Ciudin, Andreea; Fidilio, Enzamaria; Ortiz, Angel; Pich, Sara; Salas, Eduardo; Mesa, Jordi; Hernández, Cristina; Simó-Servat, Olga; Lecube Torelló, Albert (MDPI, 2019)
      Introduction: The aim of this pilot study was to assess genetic predisposition risk scores (GPS) in type 2 diabetic and non-diabetic patients in order to predict the better response to bariatric surgery (BS) in terms of ...
    • Genetic Variants in PGE2 Receptors Modulate the Risk of Nephrosclerosis and Clinical Outcomes in These Patients 

      González, Luz María; Robles, Nicolás Roberto; Mota Zamorano, Sonia; Valdivielso Revilla, José Manuel; López Gómez, Juan; Gervasini, Guillermo (MDPI, 2021)
      Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a major actor mediating renal injury. We aimed to determine genetic variability in the genes coding for its receptors (PTGER1-4) and study associations with nephrosclerosis risk and clinical ...
    • Genetics Variants in the Epoxygenase Pathway of Arachidonic Metabolism Are Associated with Eicosanoids Levels and the Risk of Diabetic Nephropathy 

      Mota Zamorano, Sonia; Robles, Nicolás Roberto; González, Luz María; Valdivielso Revilla, José Manuel; López Gómez, Juan; Cancho, Bárbara; García Pino, Guadalupe; Gervasini, Guillermo (MDPI, 2021)
      Genes in the epoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism leading to vasoactive eicosanoids, mainly 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic (20-HETE) and epoxyeicosatrienoic (EETs) acids, have been related to glucose-induced renal ...
    • Genome-Wide Association Study of VKORC1 and CYP2C9 on acenocoumarol dose, stroke recurrence and intracranial haemorrhage in Spain 

      Cullell, Natalia; Carrera, Caty; Muiño, Elena; Torres-Aguila, Nuria-Paz; Cárcel-Márquez, Jara; González-Sánchez, Jonathan; Gallego Fabrega, Cristina; Molina, Jessica; Besora, Sarah; Sotoca, Javier; Buongiorno, Maria-Teresa; Jiménez-Conde, Jordi; Giralt-Steinhauer, Eva; de Torres-Chacón, Reyes; Montaner, Joan; Mancha, Fernando; Cabezas, Juan A.; Martí Fàbregas, Joan; Prats Sánchez, Luis; Camps Renom, Pol; Purroy Garcia, Francisco; Cambray Carner, Serafí; Freijo, María del Mar; Vives-Bauzá, Cristòfol; Tur, Silvia; Font, Maria-Àngels; López-Cancio, Elena; Hernandez-Perez, Maria; Obach, Victor; Calleja, Ana; Arenillas, Juan F.; Rodríguez-Yáñez, Manuel; Castillo, José; Sobrino, Tomas; Fernández-Cádenas, Israel; Krupinski, Jerzy (Nature Publishing Group, 2020)
      Acenocoumarol is an oral anticoagulant with significant interindividual dose variations. Variants in CYP2C9 and VKORC1 have been associated with acenocoumarol maintenance dose. We analysed whether any of the 49 polymorphisms ...
    • GESAP trial rationale and methodology: management of patients with suspected obstructive sleep apnea in primary care units compared to sleep units 

      Tarraubella Balanya, Núria; Batlle Garcia, Jordi de; Nadal Braque, Núria; Castro-Grattoni, Anabel L.; Gómez Falguera, Silvia; Sánchez de la Torre, Manuel; Barbé Illa, Ferran (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-12)
      BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) is a chronic sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of upper airway collapse during sleep. This leads to arterial hypoxemia and sleep disruption and causes daytime ...
    • Global assessment of the impact of type 2 diabetes on sleep through specific questionnaires. A case-control study 

      Lecube Torelló, Albert; Sánchez Peña, Enric; Gómez Peralta, Fernando; Abreu, Cristina; Valls Marsal, Joan; Mestre, Olga; Romero, Odile; Martínez González, María Dolores; Sampol, Gabriel; Ciudin, Andreea; Hernández, Cristina; Simó, Rafael (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is an independent risk factor for sleep breathing disorders. However, it is unknown whether T2D affects daily somnolence and quality of sleep independently of the impairment of polysomnographic ...
    • Glutamate-Gated NMDA Receptors: Insights into the Function and Signaling in the Kidney 

      Valdivielso Revilla, José Manuel; Eritja, Àuria; Caus Enríquez, Maite; Bozić Stanojević, Milica (MDPI, 2020)
      N-Methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is a glutamate-gated ionotropic receptor that intervenes in most of the excitatory synaptic transmission within the central nervous system (CNS). Aside from being broadly distributed ...
    • Grado de conocimiento del ictus entre población de área rural en la provincia de Lleida 

      Oró, M.; Sanahuja Montesinos, Jordi; Hernández, L.; Setó, E.; Purroy Garcia, Francisco (Viguera Editores S.L., 2009)
      Introducción. Pese a que el ictus es la principal causa de discapacidad y una de las principales causas de muerte, el conocimiento de sus síntomas, sus causas y de la existencia del tratamiento fibrinolítico es escaso en ...
    • El Grado en Medicina. Una visión por parte de los alumnos 

      Callizo Silvestre, Alejandro; Carrasco Picazo, Juan Pablo (Elsevier, 2015)
      El Grado en Medicina es uno de los grados más demandados por parte de los alumnos, como así lo demuestra su elevada nota de corte. Esto hace que los aspirantes se vean sometidos a una gran presión. Por eso y por la necesidad ...
    • Gremlin Regulates Tubular Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition via VEGFR2: Potential Role in Renal Fibrosis 

      Marquez Exposito, Laura; Lavoz, Carolina; Rodrigues-Diez, Raul; Rayego Mateos, Sandra; Orejudo, Macarena; Cantero-Navarro, Elena; Ortiz, Alberto; Egido, Jesús; Selgas, Rafael; Mezzano, Sergio; Ruiz-Ortega, Marta (Frontiers Media, 2018)
      Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is emerging as an important health problem due to the increase number of CKD patients and the absence of an effective curative treatment. Gremlin has been proposed as a novel therapeutic target ...
    • Growth hormone treatment does not to lead to insulin resistance nor excessive rise in IGF-1 levels, while improving height in patients small for gestational age A long-term observational study 

      López Siguero, Juan P.; Martínez-Aedo, Maria J.; Bermúdez de la Vega, José A.; Bosch Muñoz, Jordi; Lechuga-Sancho, Alfonso M.; Villalobos, Triana (Society for Endocrinology; Wiley, 2022)
      Objective: In children born small for gestational age (SGA), the relationship between growth hormone (GH) treatment and insulin resistance (IR) has only been investigated for a short period, necessitating a longer observation ...
    • Gut epithelial barrier markers in patients with obstructive sleep apnea 

      Barceló Bennasar, Antònia; Esquinas López, Cristina; Robles, Juan; Piérola, Javier; Peña, Mónica de la; Aguilar, Irene; Morell Garcia, Daniel; Alonso, Alberto; Toledo Pons, Nuria; Sánchez de la Torre, Manuel; Barbé Illa, Ferran (Elsevier, 2016)
      Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is now being recognized as an additional contributing factor to the pathogenesis of obesity-related comorbidities. At the same time, there is now increasing evidence to suggest ...
    • Gut microbiota resilience in horse athletes following holidays out to pasture 

      Mach, Núria; Lansade, Léa; Bars-Cortina, David; Dhorne‑Pollet, Sophie; Foury, Aline; Moisan, Marie‑Pierre; Ruet, Alice (Nature Portfolio, 2021)
      Elite horse athletes that live in individual boxes and train and compete for hours experience long-term physical and mental stress that compromises animal welfare and alters the gut microbiota. We therefore assessed if a ...
    • ¿Han llegado los millenials a la facultad de medicina? Perfil de personalidad de estudiantes de medicina 1999-2014 

      Amorós Galitó, Esther; Esquerda i Aresté, Montse; Agustí Farreny, Anna Maria; Kiskeri, Andrea; Prat Corominas, Joan; Viñas Salas, Joan; Pifarré Paredero, Josep (Elsevier, 2019)
      Introducción: La formación necesaria de un médico requiere no solo la adquisición de conocimientos y habilidades clínicas, sino también el desarrollo de actitudes y valores, características relacionadas con el perfil de ...
    • Health care services utilization and cost in the last year of life in Colombia: a retrospective study 

      Herrera Molina, Emilio; Montoya Jaramillo, Yaneth Marcela; Rodríguez Álvarez-Ossorio, Zacarías; Gómez García, Ana Carolina; Lucas Díaz, Miguel Ángel; Echeverri Rincón, Irma María; Muñoz Mayorga, Ingrid; Nabal Vicuña, Maria (Via Medica, 2021)
      Introduction: Health care costs at the end of life cause a high expenditure on health care resources. The implementation of integrated palliative care programs has proven to be cost-efficient. The study aimed to analyze ...
    • Hepatocyte vitamin D receptor regulates lipid metabolism and mediates experimental diet-induced steatosis 

      Bozić Stanojević, Milica; Guzmán, Carla; Benet, Marta; Sánchez-Campos, Sonia; García-Monzón, Carmelo; Garí Marsol, Eloi; Gatius Calderó, Sònia; Valdivielso Revilla, José Manuel; Jover, Ramiro (Elsevier, 2016)
      Background & Aims The pathogenesis and progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is still incompletely understood. Several nuclear receptors play a role in liver lipid metabolism and can promote ...
    • High Incidence of Adverse Outcomes in Haemodialysis Patients with Diabetes with or without Diabetic Foot Syndrome: A 5-Year Observational Study in Lleida, Spain 

      Dòria, Montserrat; Betriu i Bars, M. Àngels; Belart, Montserrat; Rosado, Verónica; Hernández García, Marta; Sarró, Felipe; Real, Jordi; Castelblanco Echavarría, Esmeralda; Pacheco, Linda R.; Fernández i Giráldez, Elvira; Franch-Nadal, Josep; Gratacòs, Mònica; Mauricio Puente, Dídac (MDPI, 2021)
      Background: We evaluated whether, in subjects receiving haemodialysis (HD), the presence of diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) was associated with increased mortality compared with subjects with diabetes mellitus (DM) without ...
    • High levels of hemoglobin promote carotid adventitial vasa vasorum neoangiogenesis in chronic kidney disease 

      Arcidiacono, Maria V.; Martínez Alonso, Montserrat; Belart, Montserrat; Vilar, Ana; Martín, Marisa; Craver Hospital, Lourdes; Betriu i Bars, M. Àngels; Mauricio Puente, Dídac; Valdivielso Revilla, José Manuel; Fernández i Giráldez, Elvira; Borràs, Mercè (Hindawi, 2017-01-04)
      Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, characterized by traditional and nontraditional risk factors, are prone to develop atheromatosis and thus cardiovascular events and mortality. The angiogenesis of the adventitial vasa ...