Browsing Any: 2023 Núm.: 17 by Issue Date
Now showing 1 - 15 of 15
Results Per Page
- ItemOpen AccessThe Seigneurial Pedido: Exaction, Negotiation and Seigneurial Power in Late Medieval Castile (The Example of the Towns in the Aragonese Trastámara Estates)(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Muñoz Gómez, VíctorThis article analyses the origin and evolution of the seigneurial pedido, one of the main forms of exaction that were linked to the practice of jurisdictional lordship in late medieval Castile. For this purpose, we have chosen a case study consisting of the Castilian towns under the dominion of Ferdinand of Antequera and Eleonor of Alburquerque, Infantes of Castile and kings of Aragon, and their heirs between the end of the 14th century and the first half of the 15th century. As a result, the negotiation dynamics that articulated taxation and, in general, the power relations between lords and dominated communities in Castilian feudal society at the end of the Middle Ages are revealed.
- ItemOpen AccessSecondary Scenarios of Seigneurial Political Communication: The Lawsuit between Pancorbo and Briviesca over Capital Status in La Bureba(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Montero Málaga, Alicia InésThe territorial and jurisdictional conflicts that confronted members of the nobility for control of certain villages in the Late Middle Ages constitute an ideal setting for studying processes of political communication. In this paper, I shall examine the long struggle, which lasted for nearly a century (from the mid-15th to the mid-16th century), between the villages of Pancorbo —jurisdictionally dependent on Burgos— and Briviesca —under the control of the house of Velasco— over capital status in La Bureba. I shall analyse the agents and the phases of the conflict, the negotiation processes that took place both within and outside the council of Burgos, the discourses presented by both parts to support their claims, and the mark left by this episode in Burgos’ “collective memory”.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Teaching of Military History at Portuguese Universities: Pride and Prejudice(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Monteiro, João GouveiaThis article seeks to answer a very concrete question: should Military History be taught at university? It is, first and foremost, about contextualising the evolution of this field of studies in recent decades, in order to ascertain its scientific dignity. Then, based on the experience registered at three of the main Portuguese universities (especially in Coimbra) since the turn of the millennium, it seeks to present the most important arguments for the inclusion of Military History in the undergraduate curricula. Finally, this paper evokes a set of circumstances that, in Portugal but also in Spain, have made this area of teaching and research very appealing.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Delegitimisation of Rebel Nobles around the War of the Castilian Succession: Discursive Strategies in Enríquez del Castillo’s and Pulgar’s Chronicles(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Corral Sánchez, NuriaIn medieval Castile, language and propaganda were key aspects of political disputes. Some chroniclers and poets contributed to legitimisation and delegitimisation processes by representing both sides in their works. This paper presents a comparative view of the discursive strategies used to discredit the nobles who questioned whether Henry IV of Castile and, later, his successor, Isabella I, were rightful monarchs. The tactics of two chroniclers in particular will be examined, both of whom were solid defenders of the royal authority: Diego Enríquez del Castillo and Fernando de Pulgar. Their texts, as with other coetaneous chronicles, have never been compared in depth from the perspective suggested above; as such, an analysis could offer some interesting conclusions on the matter.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Monarchy and Rural Communities in Castile: Political Communication between Royal Powers and Non-Privileged Groups in Avila’s Council (1475-1500)(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Monsalvo Antón, José MaríaWe analyze in this article the relations of the monarchy of Isabella I with the villages and with la Tierra of Ávila in the last quarter of the fifteenth century, observing what kind of political flows, and on what issues, were established between the royal power and no-privileged groups. These groups show that they were capable of doing politics despite not being part of the urban government institutions.
- ItemOpen AccessMedieval European Art History in Japan(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Kume, JunkoThis paper aims to summarize the historical and current situation of Medieval European Art History studies in Japan. I start from the dawn of European Studies in Japan at the end of the 19th century, and follow the long path taken by Medieval Art historians in Japan, through Japan’s defeat in World War II and later economic growth. Finally, I briefly comment on the general situation of the Humanities and some aspects of Medieval Art History in present day Japan, when the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic are still being felt.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Royal Justice and the Common Law in the Portuguese Medieval Legislation(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Fernandes, Fátima ReginaThe dynamics between correlation and cooperation of several sources of Law configures the so called juridical medieval pluralism. The jurists formed at the Universities would take us to the realms the debates concerning the renovation of the studies of Roman Law to its private political realities contributing to the construction of a juridical culture substantiated by the Ius Commune. On this process, the valid private Law (Iura propria), would be an object of gradual hierarchization regarding to the principles of validity generally stated by the Royal Court generating pressure and resistance. However, the concept of a genuine landlord would be affirmed as priority entailing the monarchy to the natives of its land and kingdom. An analysis in the line of the History of Law, applied in the mid thirteenth century, in the Portuguese kingdom, through the documentation collated in the Livro das Leis e Posturas in the Siete Partidas and in the historiographic- theorical and juridical outline related to the proposed subject.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Historical Space as a Living Museum: A Situated and Historical View as an Axis of Teaching Innovation(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Roca Cabau, Guillem; Gutiérrez-Ujaque, DanielThis article presents the methodological proposal made during two academic years in the subject “Geography and History” of the degree in Social Education at the University of Lleida. An analysis of the old town was presented in the proposal, which was given a historical and social context. To reflect on current problems affecting the community of residents of the old town, we examined different spaces understood as open-air museums. The experience —which was part of the University of Lleida’s call for the Improvement of University Education— demonstrates the effectiveness of placing the spaces, together with their historical context, as protagonists of the historical narrative to encourage active learning that is compatible with the training requirements of students pursuing a degree in social education.
- ItemOpen AccessGoigs and Gozos (Thirteenth-Sixteenth centuries). Historical, Metrical, Musical notes, and Research Insights(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Mele, GiampaoloThe flourishing literary and musical production of goigs (in Catalan), gozos (in Castilian), and gosos/gòccius (in Sardinian), is a rare case of a poetic-musical phenomenon of Romance origin —with a strophic structure peculiar to the diverse typologies of formes fixes— that is still alive today, both in the written and oral tradition. The purpose of this note is to provide a preliminary, diachronic overview of the sources and main studies on both goigs and gozos, from their origins down to the first half of the 16th century. The review will be complemented by historical, metrical and musical observations, from an interdisciplinary perspective, and with hints for research and/or further study.
- ItemOpen AccessStudying Corruption and Anticorruption in a Late Medieval Commune: The case of Thirteenth- and Fourteenth-century Bologna(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Loss, EdwardThis paper explores the historical meaning of corruption and its forms of contrast in late medieval Bologna. It focuses on understanding the different and changing notions this form of classifiable crime, performed by public officers, assumed in the three main statutes produced in the city between the late Thirteenth and early Fourteenth century: the statutes of 1250-1267, of 1288 and of 1335. Apart from providing a detailed account of all the different actions considered as corruptio in these normative texts, the paper goes further, comparing these dispositions with documents that can offer insights into the practical aspects of the phenomenon, such as chronicles and legal cases, pertaining to the ad maleficia courts.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Voice of the "Common": Spaces of Negotiation and Fiscal Dialogue in Late Medieval Castile: The Case of Burgos(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Guerrero Navarrete, YolandaBased on two premises —the consolidation of the “common” as a political interlocutor with its own agenda and discourse, for which fiscal matters had important implications in terms of legitimacy, and the constitution of cities as key spaces for fiscal negotiations with the Castilian Crown during the Late Middle Ages— this article aims to analyse the “voice” of the common in the construction of consensus/dissent and the configuration of the fiscal structure of the state during the reign of Isabella I.
- ItemOpen AccessPhilobiblon as a Digital Tool for Historians of Medieval Iberia(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Faulhaber, Charles B.; Perea Rodríguez, ÓscarThis article provides a succinct review of the history and technological development of PhiloBiblon, one of the pioneer Digital Humanities projects for the study of the primary sources of the medieval and early modern literatures of the Iberian Peninsula. The warp and weft of its history are the four bibliographies that comprise it: BETA (Bibliografía Española de Textos Antiguos), BITECA (Bibliografia de Textos Antics Catalans, Valencians i Balears), BITAGAP (Bibliografia de Textos Antigos Galegos e Portugueses), and BIPA (Bibliografía de la Poesía Áurea). We describe how the program functions on the web, paying particular attention to the use of PhiloBiblon’s key identifiers. Then we explain the proposed evolution of the project from siloed databases to Linked Open Data via FactGrid, a Database for Historians. Precisely because of this pending change, we wish to show medievalists other than literary and linguistic specialists, especially historians, how to make good use of PhiloBiblon.
- ItemOpen AccessVisigoths, Asturians and Mossarabs. Approaching Early Medieval Iberian Architecture through Contemporary Trends of Thought(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Carrero Santamaría, EduardoIn recent decades, scholars have reviewed how architectural knowledge was transmitted between the 5th and 11th centuries in Late Antique and Early Medieval Iberia. Yet the architecture of the Iberian Peninsula during these centuries was neither cultural unified nor stylistically homogenous. This long period of more than five centuries includes the creation of the Visigothic realm, the arrival of the Muslims on the Peninsula, and the growth of different Christian kingdoms. Each of these periods has been the subject of contested debate by modern scholars set on imposing different but equally neat and orderly narratives on the transition of one culture to the next. This article outlines this historiography and considers such narratives have influenced the interpretation of Late Antique and Early Medieval church architecture in the Iberian Peninsula.
- ItemOpen AccessFemales also Run Business. Merchants’ Wives and Female Merchants in the Crown of Aragon (Fourteenth-Fifteenth Century)(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) López Pérez, M. Dolors; Cuadrada, Coral; Travé Allepuz, EstherThis paper explores the involvement of women in business during the Late Middle Ages. Our research has focused on the activities undertaken by women living in the most important economic centres of the Crown of Aragon, taking into consideration the contributions made by female historians who have carried out their studies in other areas. The research hypothesis is that mothers and wives took over businesses in critical periods with such efficiency that they became a threat to the interests of their merchant fathers and husbands. To demonstrate this, unpublished records preserved in the Historical Protocols Archive of Barcelona, the Historical Notarial Protocols Archive of Zaragoza, the Crown of Aragon Archive, and the Archivio di Stato di Prato have been studied together with other published references. Data arising from these files demonstrate that, in the absence of men, women carried out efficiently the management functions of the companies. Wives, widows, and daughters of merchants, were independent women that actively participated in running the family businesses. The increase in women’s involvement was at the root of men’s unease and provoked a strong reaction from the male market sectors.
- ItemOpen AccessOn Political Communication in Medieval Studies: Summarising the Research Field and its Theoretical Background(Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida, 2023) Jara Fuente, José AntonioCommunicating means taking part in an exchange of information. Of necessity, communicating is an intersubjective practice that involves the participation of a sender and a receiver, both of whom make sense of and give meaning to the act of communicating. Political communication, the topic of this work, seeks to create or use a public space in order to communicate with the public, who participates in the two dimensions of the communicational act. Through this, political communication affects the public conception of politics and the political order – local or otherwise – in which the public either takes part, complains about, revolts against or confirms, reinforces, legitimises or delegitimises. Rumours and gossip, speeches and subversive songs, pamphlets, flyers and libels, posters, drawings, and political poems are all oral or written forms of communication. In this study, we shall examine the theoretical foundations and practice of political communication, focusing on the medieval period and, particularly, on Castile.