Mineral nitrogen fertilization and stover management effects on maize production under irrigated mediterranean conditions. Simulation of yields
Yakoub, Abdul Malek
Lizaso Oñate, Jon I.
Universitat de Lleida. Departament de Producció Vegetal i Ciència Forestal
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The optimal N application rates were investigated with the effects of stover management on maize production and its possible interaction with N fertilization. A field experiment was conducted from 2010 to 2014. The rates of mineral N fertilization applied were: 0, 100, 200 and 300 kg N ha-1 year-1. Our results suggested that grain yield, biomass, grain and plant N uptake and SPAD-units were all greatly affected by N fertilization rates. Maximum yield values (19.93 and 19.20 Mg ha−1) were achieved with N application rates of 200 kg ha-1. Our results suggested that returning stover to the soil over a period of five years had a positive impact on SOC (soil organic matter) levels, without any yield penalties. We evaluated the performance of the CSM–CERES and CSM-IXIM maize models in their DSSAT to simulate high yielding conditions and we also tested the IXIM model using an alternative approach.
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